Education has always been a prime focus in policy-making due to its importance in achieving full human potential, developing an equitable and just society, and promoting national development. Besides, India is also committed under Goal 4 of the Sustainable Development to “ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”. As the world is undergoing a rapid change in the knowledge domain, it has become imperative to overhaul education in the largest democracy of the globe towards an inclusive, equitable and holistic knowledge system. The earlier education policies were largely focusing on the issues of access and equity through the implementation of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 which laid down legal underpinnings for achieving universal elementary education. The key principle of the National Education Policy of 2020 is to develop good human beings capable of rational thought and action, possessing compassion and empathy, courage and resilience, scientific temper and creative imagination, with sound ethical moorings and values. It aims at producing engaged, productive, and contributing citizens for building an equitable, inclusive, and plural society as envisaged by our Constitution.